CALDER FOUNDATION

A synagogue has stood on this spot since the 9th century, more than a hundred years before the Fatimids made Cairo their capital. Because of the relative security of the Jews in Egypt, Cairo became one of the biggest repositories of Jewish knowledge during the Middle Ages. In the s a long-abandoned storage room in the synagogue was found to contain literally hundreds of thousands of Jewish documents. This warehouse, known as the Cairo Geniza, is one of the greatest literary discoveries of all time, and its contents have made their way to museums and libraries throughout the world. History The Jewish relationship with Egypt is extremely ancient and complex, dating back nearly four thousand years. Ancient Israel and Egypt probably exchanged ambassadors as early as the period of the Judges, and there were certainly Jewish settlements there, such as the one at Elephantine Isle, by the time of the Captivity. Many settled in coastal cities such as Alexandria and Cyrene as part of a massive colonization effort by the Ptolemic pharohs. By the Roman era, Egypt had one of the largest Jewish communities in the world, accounting for as much as ten to twenty percent of the regional population.

Samaritan

History[ edit ] Ben Ezra as an institution is ancient, and has occupied at least three buildings in its history. There have been many major and minor renovations. The current building dates to the s.

Between and million years ago, at least four episodes of hominine dispersal from Africa to the Levant are known, each culturally distinct. The oldest evidence of early humans in the territory of modern Israel, dating to million years ago, was found in Ubeidiya near the Sea of Galilee. The flint tool artefacts have been discovered at Yiron, the oldest stone tools found anywhere.

Because he founded a famous dynasty which ruled the northern kingdom of Israel, the Assyrians refer not only to him as a king of Israel ANET, pp. There, referring to the battle of Qarqar B. Jeroboam II, king, r. See also Raging Torrent, pp. The land of Bit-Humria. Zeller, , p. Andrew Dearman and M. JSOT Supplement series, no. Sheffield Academic, , pp. In the table on p. According to 2 Samuel 5: We have no inscription that refers to David as king over all Israel that is, the united kingdom as also stated in 2 Sam 5: The Bible refers to him by the shortened form of his full name, Ahaz, rather than by the full form of his name, Jehoahaz, which the Assyrian inscription uses.

Because this king already stands clearly documented in an Assyrian inscription, documentation in another inscription is not necessary to confirm the existence of the biblical Ahaz, king of Judah.

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Es Skhul cave Between 2. The oldest evidence of early humans in the territory of modern Israel, dating to 1. Other groups include 1. The oldest fossils of anatomically modern humans found outside Africa are the Skhul and Qafzeh hominids , who lived in northern Israel , years ago. While alternative translations exist, the majority of biblical archaeologists translate a set of hieroglyphs as “Israel,” representing the first instance of the name in the historical record.

Dever sees this “Israel” in the central highlands as a cultural and probably political entity, more an ethnic group rather than an organized state.

In “Archaeology Confirms 50 Real People in the Bible” in the March/April issue of Biblical Archaeology Review, Purdue University scholar Lawrence Mykytiuk lists 50 figures from the Hebrew Bible who have been confirmed follow-up article, “Archaeology Confirms 3 More Bible People,” published in the May/June issue of BAR, adds another three people to the list.

Because his father, Alexander Stirling Calder, received public commissions, the family traversed the country throughout Calder’s childhood. Calder was encouraged to create, and from the age of eight he always had his own workshop wherever the family lived. For Christmas in , Calder presented his parents with two of his first sculptures, a tiny dog and duck cut from a brass sheet and bent into formation.

The duck is kinetic—it rocks back and forth when tapped. Even at age eleven, his facility in handling materials was apparent. Despite his talents, Calder did not originally set out to become an artist. He instead enrolled at the Stevens Institute of Technology after high school and graduated in with an engineering degree. Calder worked for several years after graduation at various jobs, including as a hydraulics and automotive engineer, timekeeper in a logging camp, and fireman in a ship’s boiler room.

While serving in the latter occupation, on a ship from New York bound for San Francisco, Calder awoke on the deck to see both a brilliant sunrise and a scintillating full moon; each was visible on opposite horizons the ship then lay off the Guatemalan coast. The experience made a lasting impression on Calder: Calder committed to becoming an artist shortly thereafter, and in he moved to New York and enrolled at the Art Students League. He also took a job illustrating for the National Police Gazette, which sent him to the Ringling Bros.

The circus became a lifelong interest of Calder’s, and after moving to Paris in , he created his Cirque Calder, a complex and unique body of art. The assemblage included diminutive performers, animals, and props he had observed at the Ringling Bros.

Palestine

Etymology[ edit ] In the Bible, the word “Zohar” appears in the vision of Ezekiel 8: It appears again in Daniel A story tells that after the death of Moses de Leon, a rich man of Avila named Joseph offered Moses’ widow who had been left without any means of supporting herself a large sum of money for the original from which her husband had made the copy. She confessed that her husband himself was the author of the work.

She had asked him several times, she said, why he had chosen to credit his own teachings to another, and he had always answered that doctrines put into the mouth of the miracle-working Shimon bar Yochai would be a rich source of profit.

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Its opener is one of the strangest in golf, with a stone wall and railway flush along the right side. Equal parts weird and wonderful, this host to 24 Open Championships including the first 12 has earned its Top nod—at last. Tokyo Tokyo, Japan, Komei Ohtani, A gently rolling parkland layout that still features the old two-green system on each hole, Tokyo Golf Club has played host to seven Japan Opens, including four at its current location, most recently in Gil Hanse renovated Tokyo in and stated that one of his greatest pleasures here was to restore some of the elements and soul of the C.

Alison design work, especially to the green complexes. A recent renovation has restored Ross features, but also added length to test today’s tournament players.

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As such, he was probably among the aristocracy whom Nebuchadnezzar II carried off as exiles to Babylon in B. He lived among a colony of exiles on the canalworks associated with the River Kebar, in a place called Tel-aviv, after which the modern Israeli city was named. Life for most of the exiles did not involve physical suffering or slavery. Ezekiel himself was married, lived in his own house, and entertained many prestigious guests.

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See Article History Alternative Titles: The term Palestine has been associated variously and sometimes controversially with this small region, which some have asserted also includes Jordan. Both the geographic area designated by the name and the political status of it have changed over the course of some three millennia. The region or at least a part of it is also known as the Holy Land and is held sacred among Jews , Christians , and Muslims.

Since the 20th century it has been the object of conflicting claims of Jewish and Arab national movements, and the conflict has led to prolonged violence and, in several instances, open warfare. The word Palestine derives from Philistia, the name given by Greek writers to the land of the Philistines , who in the 12th century bce occupied a small pocket of land on the southern coast, between modern Tel Aviv—Yafo and Gaza.

The name Palestine has long been in popular use as a general term to denote a traditional region, but this usage does not imply precise boundaries. In contemporary understanding, however, Palestine is generally defined as a region bounded on the east by the Jordan River, on the north by the border between modern Israel and Lebanon, on the west by the Mediterranean Sea including the coast of Gaza , and on the south by the Negev , with its southernmost extension reaching the Gulf of Aqaba.

The strategic importance of the area is immense: Settlement depends closely on water, which is almost never abundant. Precipitation, which arrives in the cool half of the year, decreases in amount in general from north to south and from the coast inland.

BEN EZRA SYNAGOGUE & CAIRO GENIZA

Es Skhul cave Between 2. The oldest evidence of early humans in the territory of modern Israel, dating to 1. Other groups include 1. The oldest fossils of anatomically modern humans found outside Africa are the Skhul and Qafzeh hominids , who lived in northern Israel , years ago. While alternative translations exist, the majority of biblical archaeologists translate a set of hieroglyphs as “Israel,” representing the first instance of the name in the historical record.

Biography. Ezekiel was the son of Buzi, a priest of Jerusalem and descendant of Zadok. As such, he was probably among the aristocracy whom Nebuchadnezzar II carried off as exiles to Babylon in B.C.E. He lived among a colony of exiles on the canalworks associated with the River Kebar, in a place called Tel-aviv, after which the modern Israeli city was named.

See Article History Alternative Titles: The term Palestine has been associated variously and sometimes controversially with this small region, which some have asserted also includes Jordan. Both the geographic area designated by the name and the political status of it have changed over the course of some three millennia. The region or at least a part of it is also known as the Holy Land and is held sacred among Jews , Christians , and Muslims.

Since the 20th century it has been the object of conflicting claims of Jewish and Arab national movements, and the conflict has led to prolonged violence and, in several instances, open warfare. The word Palestine derives from Philistia, the name given by Greek writers to the land of the Philistines , who in the 12th century bce occupied a small pocket of land on the southern coast, between modern Tel Aviv—Yafo and Gaza.

Hebrew language

And how can we know such a thing as the phonetic character of the language spoken years ago? But until recently, the Globe felt that attempting a play in the original pronunciation would alienate audiences. The opposite proved to be true, and people clamored for more.

Inverness, Nova Scotia, Canada, Rod Whitman, Developers Ben Cowan-Dewar and Mike Keiser handed over a rolling plot of coastal Nova Scotia terrain to architect Rod Whitman and the result is.

Kochangadi Synagogue in Kochi , India dated to After the Talmud, various regional literary dialects of Medieval Hebrew evolved. The most important is Tiberian Hebrew or Masoretic Hebrew, a local dialect of Tiberias in Galilee that became the standard for vocalizing the Hebrew Bible and thus still influences all other regional dialects of Hebrew.

This Tiberian Hebrew from the 7th to 10th century CE is sometimes called “Biblical Hebrew” because it is used to pronounce the Hebrew Bible; however, properly it should be distinguished from the historical Biblical Hebrew of the 6th century BCE, whose original pronunciation must be reconstructed. Tiberian Hebrew incorporates the remarkable scholarship of the Masoretes from masoret meaning “tradition” , who added vowel points and grammar points to the Hebrew letters to preserve much earlier features of Hebrew, for use in chanting the Hebrew Bible.

The Masoretes inherited a biblical text whose letters were considered too sacred to be altered, so their markings were in the form of pointing in and around the letters. The Syriac alphabet , precursor to the Arabic alphabet , also developed vowel pointing systems around this time.

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